Apart from the initial controversy surrounding the legal status of trade unions in Nigeria, there exists a further area of contention, that is, the nature of criminal liability of trade unions. Though, the relevant statutes on the control of trade unions in Nigeria for example, the Trade Union (Amendment) Act, Trade Dispute Act, Labour Act and the Employee Compensation Act place several duties on trade unions, breach of which attracts criminal punishment, there is hardly prosecution in this direction in spite of lack of compliance with these laws. This apparently stems from the dilemma of the law on corporate criminal responsibility. The paper therefore seeks to examine the issues which arise in attaching criminal liability to a legal entity with particular reference to trade unions.
Authors: Brown E. Umukoro